E. Acremont, S. Leroy, and E. B. Burov, Numerical modelling of a mantle plume: the plume head???lithosphere interaction in the formation of an oceanic large igneous province, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.206, issue.3-4, pp.379-396, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01058-0

N. Agostino, J. A. Jackson, F. Dramis, and R. Funiciello, Interactions between mantle upwelling, drainage evolution and active normal faulting : an exemple from the central Appennines (Italy), 2001.

V. Babushka and J. Plomerova, Subcrustal lithosphere around the Saxothuringian???Moldanubian Suture Zone ??? a model derived from anisotropy of seismic wave velocities, Tectonophysics, vol.332, issue.1-2, pp.185-199, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00255-9

R. J. Banks, R. L. Parker, and S. P. Huestis, Isostatic Compensation on a Continental Scale: Local Versus Regional Mechanisms, Geophysical Journal International, vol.51, issue.2, pp.431-452, 1977.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1977.tb06927.x

E. B. Burov and S. Cloetingh, Erosion and rift dynamics: new thermomechanical aspects of post-rift evolution of extensional basins, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.150, issue.1-2, pp.7-26, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(97)00069-1

E. Burov and L. Guillou-frottier, The plume head-continental lithosphere interaction using a tectonically realistic formulation for the lithosphere, Geophysical Journal International, vol.161, issue.2, pp.469-490, 2005.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02588.x

E. B. Burov, L. I. Lobkovsky, S. Cloetingh, and A. M. Nikishin, Continental lithosphere folding in Central Asia (part II): Constraints from gravity and topography, Tectonophysics, vol.226, issue.1-4, pp.73-88, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(93)90111-V

F. Chalot-prat and R. Girbacea, Partial delamination of continental mantle lithosphere, uplift-related crust???mantle decoupling, volcanism and basin formation: a new model for the Pliocene???Quaternary evolution of the southern East-Carpathians, Romania, Tectonophysics, vol.327, issue.1-2, pp.83-107, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00155-4

S. Cloetingh, E. Burov, and A. Poliakov, Lithosphere folding: Primary response to compression? (from central Asia to Paris basin), Tectonics, vol.92, issue.2, pp.1064-1083, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/1999TC900040

S. Cloetingh, P. A. Ziegler, F. Beekman, P. A. Andriessen, L. Matenco et al., Lithospheric memory, state of stress and rheology: neotectonic controls on Europe's intraplate continental topography, Quaternary Science Reviews, vol.24, issue.3-4, pp.241-304, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.06.015

Q. G. Crowley, P. A. Floyd, J. A. Winchester, W. Franke, and J. G. Holland, Early Palaeozoic rift-related magmatism in Variscan Europe: fragmentation of the Armorican Terrane Assemblage, Terra Nova, vol.155, issue.4, pp.171-180, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(77)90057-2

L. Cserepes, U. R. Christensen, and N. Ribe, Geoid height versus topography for a plume model of the Hawaiian swell, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.178, issue.1-2, pp.29-38, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00065-0

G. F. Davies, Thermomechanical erosion of the lithosphere by mantle plumes, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.313, issue.B8, pp.15709-15722, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB00119

P. Dèzes and P. A. Ziegler, Map of the European Moho, 2002.

P. Dèzes, S. M. Schmid, and P. A. Ziegler, Evolution of the European Cenozoic Rift System: interaction of the Alpine and Pyrenean orogens with their foreland lithosphere, Tectonophysics, vol.389, issue.1-2, pp.1-33, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2004.06.011

M. Doin, L. Fleitout, and U. Christensen, Mantle convection and stability of depleted and undepleted continental lithosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.343, issue.16, pp.2771-2787, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96JB03271

J. Dostal, F. Patoka, and C. Pin, Middle/Late Cambrian intracontinental rifting in the central West Sudetes, NE Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic): geochemistry and petrogenesis of the bimodal metavolcanic rocks, Geological Journal, vol.133, issue.1998, pp.1-17, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/gj.872

C. Ebinger and N. Sleep, Cenozoic magmatism in central and east Africa resulting from impact of a one large plume, Nature, vol.395, issue.6704, pp.788-791, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/27417

R. E. Ernst and K. L. Buchan, Giant radiating dyke swarms: Their use in identifying pre-Mesozoic large igneous provinces and mantle plumes, Large Igneous Provinces: Continental, Oceanic, and Planetary Volcanism. AGU Geophys. Monogr. Ser. 100, pp.297-333, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/GM100p0297

C. Froidevaux, R. Brousse, and H. Bellon, Hot spot in France?, Nature, vol.239, issue.1, pp.749-751, 1974.
DOI : 10.1038/248749a0

Y. Fukao, M. Obayashi, H. Inoue, and M. Nenbai, Subducting slabs stagnant in the mantle transition zone, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.95, issue.B4, pp.4809-4822, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/91JB02749

P. Gaillot, Ondelettes continues en Sciences de la Terre ? méthodes et applications, 2000.

D. Garcia-castellanos, S. Cloetingh, and R. Van-balen, Modelling the Middle Pleistocene uplift in the Ardennes???Rhenish Massif: thermo-mechanical weakening under the Eifel?, Global and Planetary Change, vol.27, issue.1-4, pp.39-52, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0921-8181(01)00058-3

S. Goes, W. Spakman, and H. Bijwaard, A Lower Mantle Source for Central European Volcanism, Science, vol.286, issue.5446, pp.1928-1931, 1999.
DOI : 10.1126/science.286.5446.1928

M. Granet, M. Wilson, and U. Achauer, Imaging a mantle plume beneath the French Massif Central, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.136, issue.3-4, pp.281-296, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00174-B

R. W. Griffiths and I. H. Campbell, Interaction of mantle plume heads with the Earth's surface and onset of small-scale convection, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.80, issue.B11, pp.18295-18310, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/91JB01897

A. Grossmann and J. Morlet, Decomposition of Hardy Functions into Square Integrable Wavelets of Constant Shape, SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, vol.15, issue.4, pp.723-736, 1984.
DOI : 10.1137/0515056

L. Guillou and C. Jaupart, On the effect of continents on mantle convection, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.98, issue.44, pp.24217-24238, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95JB02518

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00562385

L. Guillou-frottier and E. Burov, Wavelet analyses of surface topography in east Africa: the mantle plume signatures, European Geosciences Union meeting, Geophys. Res. Abstr, vol.8, p.6658, 2006.

C. J. Hawkesworth, K. Gallagher, L. Kirstein, M. Mantovani, D. Peate et al., Tectonic controls on magmatism associated with continental break-up: an example from the Paran?????Etendeka Province, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.179, issue.2, pp.335-349, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00114-X

K. Hoernle, Y. Zhang, and D. Graham, Seismic and geochemical evidence for large-scale mantle upwelling beneath the eastern Atlantic and western and central Europe, Nature, vol.374, issue.6517, pp.34-39, 1995.
DOI : 10.1038/374034a0

J. Korenaga, Firm mantle plumes and the nature of the core???mantle boundary region, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.232, issue.1-2, pp.29-37, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.01.016

P. Kumar and E. Foufoula-georgiou, Wavelet analysis for geophysical applications, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.86, issue.4, pp.385-412, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97RG00427

H. Laubscher, Jura kinematics and the Molasse Basin, Eclogae Geol. Helv, vol.85, pp.653-675, 1992.

S. A. Little, P. H. Carter, and D. K. Smith, Wavelet analysis of a bathymetric profile reveals anomalous crust, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.82, issue.B2, pp.1915-1918, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93GL01880

F. Lucazeau, G. Vasseur, and R. Bayer, Interpretation of heat flow data in the french massif central, Tectonophysics, vol.103, issue.1-4, pp.99-119, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(84)90077-5

B. D. Malamud and D. L. Turcotte, Wavelet analyses of Mars polar topography, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol.92, issue.E8, pp.17497-17504, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JE001333

Y. Meyer, Wavelet and operators, 1992.

L. Michon and O. Merle, The evolution of the Massif Central Rift; spatio-temporal distribution of the volcanism, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.172, issue.2, pp.69-80, 2001.
DOI : 10.2113/172.2.201

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01391919

M. Monnereau, M. Rabinowicz, and E. Arquis, Mechanical erosion and reheating of the lithosphere: A numerical model for hotspot swells, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.313, issue.B1, pp.809-823, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/92JB01677

R. Montelli, G. Nolet, F. A. Dahlen, G. Masters, E. R. Engdahl et al., Finite-Frequency Tomography Reveals a Variety of Plumes in the Mantle, Science, vol.303, issue.5656, pp.338-343, 2004.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1092485

C. K. Morley, W. A. Wescott, D. M. Stone, R. M. Harper, S. T. Wigger et al., Tectonic evolution of the northern Kenyan Rift, Journal of the Geological Society, vol.149, issue.3, pp.333-348, 1992.
DOI : 10.1144/gsjgs.149.3.0333

C. K. Morley, R. M. Harper, and S. T. Wigger, Tectonic inversion in east Africa, Geoscience of Rift Systems ? Evolution of East Africa, pp.193-210, 1999.

H. Nataf, Seismic Imaging of Mantle Plumes, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol.28, issue.1, pp.391-417, 2000.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.earth.28.1.391

B. Parsons and J. G. Sclater, An analysis of the variation of ocean floor bathymetry and heat flow with age, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.13, issue.5, pp.803-827, 1977.
DOI : 10.1029/JB082i005p00803

D. W. Peate, C. J. Hawkesworth, M. S. Mantovani, and W. Shukowsky, Mantle plumes and flood-basalt stratigraphy in the Parana, South America. Geology, vol.18, pp.1223-1226, 1990.

S. Pilidou, K. Priestley, E. Debayle, and O. Gudmundsson, Rayleigh wave tomography in the North Atlantic: high resolution images of the Iceland, Azores and Eifel mantle plumes, Lithos, vol.79, issue.3-4, pp.453-474, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.lithos.2004.09.012

A. N. Poliakov, P. Cundall, Y. Podlachikov, and V. Laykhovsky, An explicit inertial method for the simulation of visco-elastic flow: an evaluation of elastic effects on diapiric flow in two-and three-layers models, Flow and Creep in the Solar System: Observations, Modelling and Theory, Dynamic Modelling and Flow in the Earth and Planets. Kluwer, pp.175-195, 1993.

N. M. Ribe and U. R. Christensen, Three-dimensional modeling of plume-lithosphere interaction, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.18, issue.B1, pp.669-682, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93JB02386

Y. Ricard, C. Froidevaux, and R. Simpson, Spectral analysis of topography and gravity in the Basin and Range Province, Tectonophysics, vol.133, issue.3-4, pp.175-179, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(87)90262-9

J. R. Ritter, Small-scale mantle plumes : imaging and geodynamic aspects, Perspectives in modern seismology. Lecture notes in Earth Sciences, pp.69-94, 2005.

J. R. Ritter, M. Jordan, U. R. Christensen, and U. Achauer, A mantle plume below the Eifel volcanic fields, Germany, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.186, issue.1, pp.7-14, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00226-6

A. M. Sengör, Elevation as indicator of mantle-plume activity, Geol. Soc. Am. Sp. Pap, vol.352, pp.183-225, 2001.

W. Sissingh, Tertiary paleogeographic and tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Rhenish Triple Junction, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol.196, issue.1-2, pp.229-263, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00320-1

N. Sleep, Lateral flow and ponding of starting plume material, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.80, issue.43, pp.10001-10012, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97JB00551

S. V. Sobolev, H. Zeyen, G. Stoll, F. Werling, R. Altherr et al., Upper mantle temperatures from teleseismic tomography of French Massif Central including effects of composition, mineral reactions, anharmonicity, anelasticity and partial melt, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.139, issue.1-2, pp.147-163, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00238-8

P. J. Tackley, Mantle Convection and Plate Tectonics: Toward an Integrated Physical and Chemical Theory, Science, vol.288, issue.5473, pp.2002-2007, 2000.
DOI : 10.1126/science.288.5473.2002

C. Torrence and G. Compo, A Practical Guide to Wavelet Analysis, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.79, issue.1, pp.61-78, 1998.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<0061:APGTWA>2.0.CO;2

D. L. Turcotte, R. Shcherbakov, B. D. Malamud, and A. B. Kucinskas, Is the Martian crust also the Martian elastic lithosphere?, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol.287, issue.E11, pp.11-5091, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JE001594

R. Van-der-hilst, E. R. Engdahl, W. Spakman, and G. Nolet, Tomographic imaging of subducted lithosphere below northwest Pacific island arcs, Nature, vol.353, issue.6339, pp.37-43, 1991.
DOI : 10.1038/353037a0

L. Vecsey, C. A. Hier-majumder, and D. A. Yuen, Multiresolution tectonic features over the Earth inferred from a wavelet transformed geoid, Visual Geosciences, vol.8, issue.1, pp.26-44, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/s10069-003-0008-8

D. S. Weeraratne, D. W. Forsyth, K. M. Fisher, and A. A. Nyblade, Evidence for an upper mantle plume beneath the Tanzanian craton from Rayleigh wave tomography, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.98, issue.6, p.2427, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2001GL013702

R. F. Weinberg and Y. Podladchikov, Diapiric ascent of magmas through power law crust and mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.182, issue.B5, pp.9543-9559, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93JB03461

M. J. Wortel and W. Spakman, Subduction and Slab Detachment in the Mediterranean-Carpathian Region, Science, vol.290, issue.5498, pp.1910-1917, 2000.
DOI : 10.1126/science.290.5498.1910

R. Wyns, F. Quesnel, R. Simon-coinçon, F. Guillocheau, and F. Lacquement, Major weathering in France related to lithospheric deformation, pp.79-87, 2003.

. Ziegler, Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe, Shell internat, Petrol. Mij, issue.2, 1990.

P. A. Ziegler, Cenozoic rift system of western and central Europe : an overview, Geol. Mijnb, vol.73, pp.99-127, 1994.