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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Coastal Conservation: planning and management Année : 2009

A ‘coastal-hazard GIS' for Sri Lanka

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Résumé

Following the 2004 tsunami disaster in Sri Lanka, it was apparent that mapping the coast's vulnerability was essential for future protection of the local populations. We therefore developed a prototype ‘Coastal-hazard GIS' for Sri Lanka so as to provide an effective tool for decision makers to limit the impact of natural coastal hazards such as sea level rise, tsunamis, storm surges and coastal erosion, and thus protect the exposed assets (population, property, settlements, communications networks, etc.). The prototype was developed on a pilot site in Galle through building up homogeneous data on the land/sea interface from studies conducted on the exposure of the coastal populations, the aim being to enable an evaluation of the hazards combined with the vulnerability and thus an analysis of the risks. Coastal risk scenarios are developed so as to estimate the impacts and consequences of an event (tsunami, storm, etc.) on the assets, the principle behind this being that if, in general, the coastal hazard cannot be decreased, then a better knowledge of it through simulation should make it possible to limit the vulnerability and thus the risk. The Coastal-hazard GIS will also provide a planning tool in terms of locating new settlements, expanding urban areas, siting coastal protection works, etc.

Dates et versions

hal-00514178 , version 1 (01-09-2010)

Identifiants

Citer

Jean-François Desprats, Manuel Garcin, Nishanta Attanayake, Rodrigo Pedreros, Cheer Siriwardana, et al.. A ‘coastal-hazard GIS' for Sri Lanka. Journal of Coastal Conservation: planning and management, 2009, 14 (1), p. 21-31. ⟨10.1007/s11852-009-0084-5⟩. ⟨hal-00514178⟩

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