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Interest of using imputation for genomic evaluation in layer chicken

Abstract : With the availability of the 600K Affymetrix Axiom high-density (HD) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip, genomic selection has been implemented in broiler and layer chicken. However, the cost of this SNP chip is too high to genotype all selection candidates. A solution is to develop a low-density SNP chip, at a lower price, and to impute all missing markers. But to routinely implement this solution, the impact of imputation on genomic evaluation accuracy must be studied. It is also interesting to study the consequences of the use of low-density SNP chips in genomic evaluation accuracy. In this perspective, the interest of using imputation in genomic selection was studied in a pure layer line. Two low-density SNP chip designs were compared: an equidistant methodology and a methodology based on linkage disequilibrium. Egg weight, egg shell color, egg shell strength, and albumen height were evaluated with single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction methodology. The impact of imputation errors or the absence of imputation on the ranking of themale selection candidates was assessed with a genomic evaluation based on ancestry. Thus, genomic estimated breeding values (GEBV) obtained with imputed HD genotypes or lowdensity genotypes were compared with GEBV obtained with the HD SNP chip. The relative accuracy of GEBV was also investigated by considering as reference GEBV estimated on the offspring. A limited reordering of the breeders, selected on a multitrait index, was observed. Spearman correlations between GEBV on HD genotypes and GEBV on low-density genotypes (with or without imputation) were always higher than 0.94 withmore than 3K SNP. For the genetically closer, top 150 individuals for a specific trait, with imputation, the reordering was reduced with correlation higher than 0.94 withmore than 3K SNP. Without imputation, the correlations remained lower than 0.85 with less than 3K and 16K SNP for equidistant and linkage disequilibrium methodology, respectively. The differences in GEBV correlations between both methodologies were never significant. The conclusions were the same for all studied traits.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 10:46:21 AM
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Florian Herry, David Picard Druet, Frédéric Herault, Amandine Varenne, Thierry Burlot, et al.. Interest of using imputation for genomic evaluation in layer chicken. Poultry Science, Poultry Science Association, 2020, 99 (5), pp.2324-2336. ⟨10.1016/j.psj.2020.01.004⟩. ⟨hal-02624102⟩



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