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Experimental study of dispersed flow film boiling at sub-channel scale in LOCA conditions: Influence of the steam flow rate and residual power

Abstract : Reflooding experiments with rod bundles at Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) conditions usually use intrusive methods with limited access and, consequently, their data are not always adequate and comprehensive to validate simulation codes. For this reason, sub-channel scale experiments are useful to obtain detailed data in a more controlled environment for an accurate thermal–hydraulics investigation. In this study, we present experiments of the cooling phase with an internal steam-droplets flow in a vertical pipe simulating an undamaged sub-channel in a nuclear reactor. Simultaneous measurements were performed of the wall temperature and droplets characteristics (velocity, diameter and temperature) using only optical techniques. An analysis is made on how the steam flow rate and maintained heating power during the cooling phase affect the wall heat dissipation, wall rewetting and droplets dynamics. Results show that wall rewetting normally occurs from bottom to top, and the temperature at minimum heat flux is highly affected by the droplets dynamics. Furthermore, droplets are accelerated when passing through the heated tube, especially at higher wall temperatures, and their temperature is nearly the same up- and downstream of the test section. Results with heating during the cooling phase show that wall rewetting takes place at higher wall temperatures and advances slower with the increase in the maintained heating power. Moreover, for the time period and flow conditions used in this work, wall rewetting does not occur for maintained powers higher than 1.5 kW/m.
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Contributor : Michel Gradeck <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 5:11:59 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 4:03:16 PM

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A.V.S. Oliveira, J.D. Peña Carrillo, A. Labergue, T. Glantz, Michel Gradeck. Experimental study of dispersed flow film boiling at sub-channel scale in LOCA conditions: Influence of the steam flow rate and residual power. Applied Thermal Engineering, Elsevier, 2020, 172, pp.115143. ⟨10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115143⟩. ⟨hal-02866663⟩

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